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Any views expressed are solely those of the author or publisher and do not necessarily reflect those of UNHCR, the United Nations or its Member States. Background and Political Situation Tunisia ratified the United Nations (UN) Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women in 1985, with reservations (Tunisia and EU June 2014, 2; EU 2012, 7) to articles dealing, in particular, with nationality of children and with equality in marriage and family life (ibid.).
The state guarantees the equality of opportunities between women and men to have access to all levels of responsibility in all domains. Abortion in Tunisia has been legal [since 1973 (UN , para. 2014] Save the Children Sweden, Amal pour la famille et l'enfant (Amal), International Bureau for Children's Rights. Country Profile of Tunisia: A Review of the Implementation of the UN Convention on the Rights of the Child.
Article 46 of the new constitution states the following: [translation] The state commits to protect women's established rights and works to strengthen and develop those rights. "La Tunisie inaugure son assemblée constituante." [Accessed 19 Nov.
Tunisia withdrew its reservations in April 2014 (Tunisia and EU June 2014, 2; Human Rights Watch 30 Apr. According to the Freedom House annual report published in 2014, the 1956 Personal Status Code (Code du statut personnel) has remained in force, and grants women equal rights in divorce; it also grants Tunisian citizenship to children born to Tunisian mothers and foreign fathers (2014).
According to sources, the January 2014 Constitution of Tunisia brought improvements to women's rights (Human Rights Watch Jan.
Prostitution in Tunisia is illegal, but, as in many other countries, the laws that ban prostitution are ignored and there are many brothels, tolerated and regulated by the authorities.
Tunisia is currently the only Arab country where sex workers - in "maisons closes", or bordellos - are still tolerated and not forced into illegality.