Unfortunately I do not have the diary recording Richard’s trip to Paris with his new bride, from thirty years earlier.A shame – I have his guide book dated 1750 which gives fascinating detail of which vessels to charter for your crossing to Calais, how to hire a coach in France, and so on.Here is his separate note-book of distances, including the 13 mile trip from Bath to Bristol, and the 85 mile trip from Bourton-on-the-Water to London. The hire of the chaises came to £4/3/08; he paid eleven shillings to the drivers; six shillings and fourpence for turnpike tolls; and a not very generous one shilling to the “hostler” (ie the ostler – the man who looked after the horses).On another page he recorded that the journey back from London cost him £5/2/00 ( the equivalent of some £400). He would have followed his route on one of the splendid linear maps printed by Bowles and Co – this is one showing the journey between Banbury and Bristol.
A long needle rises up from the balance arms and moves across a scale some distance away, so that very small movements of the balance arms are magnified and made easily visible.
It would take him two days to get from the Cotswolds, where he lived, to central London, where he had his business.
Two days of rattling, bone-shaking discomfort, sitting cheek-by-jowl with people he probably would have preferred not to have been sitting next to!
The American Enlightenment was a period of intellectual ferment in the thirteen American colonies in the period 1714–1818, which led to the American Revolution, and the creation of the American Republic.
Influenced by the 18th-century European Enlightenment and its own native American philosophy, the American Enlightenment applied scientific reasoning to politics, science, and religion, promoted religious tolerance, and restored literature, the arts, and music as important disciplines and professions worthy of study in colleges.