Skimpy dress for women will probably draw unwanted attention (see Women travellers), while topless or nude bathing on beaches is out of the question.
Politeness and tidy dress are particularly important when dealing with police or officials.
A similar protection system is used for semiconductors.
Databases are usually protected via copyright if they meet the requirements.
The different patent levels in Ecuador are patents of invention, utility models and industrial designs.
They differ in the term of duration of the protection and the level of novelty required.
Neatness in dress will always earn respect, particularly in the highlands, where sartorial norms are more formal than on the coast.
Men should remove hats or caps indoors and short trousers or skirts shouldn’t be worn inside churches (shorts for men on the coast are more forgivable), where scruffiness of any sort will be frowned on.
It’s an art best left to locals; if you need a special favour, ask an Ecuadorian friend for advice on how to proceed and leave the negotiating up to them if possible.
No, according to article 20 of the Andean Decision 486, the following are not patentable: plants, animals and essentially biological processes for production of plants or animals except non-biological or microbiological processes; and therapeutical or surgical methods for human or animal treatment, as well as diagnostic methods applied to human beings or to animals.
Monetary damages are calculated based on lost profits, the profits obtained by the infringer, reasonable royalties and consequential damages, among others.
(“with permission”) if squeezing past someone in a crowd.
A dapper appearance, smart unrumpled clothes, brushed hair and polished shoes are unlikely to be achievable for most travellers, but are pretty well obligatory in business circles.